In 2023, New York state experienced the most population decrease among all states in the country despite a nationwide population increase, as recent United States Census data indicated.
New York’s population saw a reduction of approximately 102,000 individuals, marking a 0.5% drop.
This decrease, however, is less than the previous year’s loss of 180,000.
New York is the fourth most populous state in the U.S., with 19,571,216 residents.
The Census Bureau’s data revealed that New York’s population decline was the largest both in terms of percentage and absolute numbers.
Despite the arrival of nearly 74,000 international immigrants and a natural increase of over 41,000 residents to New York, the departure of around 217,000 individuals from mid-2022 to mid-2023 overshadowed these gains.
A notable aspect of this trend is the reduction of New York City’s population by 5% post-pandemic, reversing nearly three-quarters of the population growth achieved in the previous decade.
High living costs are often cited as a primary reason for this migration trend, as well as crime rates and quality of education systems.
New York was not alone in experiencing a population decline. States like California, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia also reported decreases.
In stark contrast, states in the South, particularly Texas and Florida, witnessed substantial population growth, with Texas adding more than 473,000 residents and Florida experiencing the second-largest increase, gaining 365,000 people.
The South, as defined by the Census Bureau, accounted for 87% of the nation’s overall population growth.
This demographic shift has significant political implications. If these trends persist until the 2030 census, New York might lose up to three seats in the U.S. House of Representatives.
The Northeast was the only U.S. Census-designated region to register a population decline, with New Jersey being an exception, showing a modest increase.