Fit for 55, European Union Approves Climate Measures After Negotiations
Following protracted negotiations that took place early Wednesday, June 29th, European Union countries came to an agreement to support stronger climate rules that would reduce carbon emissions from new cars by 2035.
The 27 nations of the EU came to an agreement on a draft law that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the EU by at least 55% by 2030 compared to the previously agreed-upon 40% in 1990.
“A long but excellent day for climate action. The council’s decisions on Fitfor55 are a huge step towards implementing the EU Green Deal,” said Frans Timmermans, vice-president of the European Commission in charge of the Green Deal, following the meeting of environment ministers in Luxembourg.
Final negotiations with the European Parliament are made possible by the agreement on the five laws that the EU’s executive arm offered last year. EU legislators support the challenging goals for the entire bloc. The Parliament must settle differences with the national government’s bloc over a number of specifics before the legislative package can be approved on its whole.
Agnès Pannier-Runacher, the French Minister for Energy Transition, stated that “the council is now prepared to work with the European Parliament on finalizing the package, placing the European Union more than ever on the frontline of fighting climate change.”
This decision, which is targeted at making new vehicles and vans have zero CO2 emissions by 2035, would forbid the sale of new cars with gasoline or diesel engines in the 27-nation bloc.
The EU government’s decision, according to Europe’s top clean transportation advocacy group Transport and Environment, is “historic” since it “breaks the hold of the oil sector over transport.”
The panel declared that the internal combustion engine was effectively obsolete in Europe.
More insights on European Union decision on Climate Measures
Greenpeace expressed more significant skepticism, stating that it will be too late to keep global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) by the 2035 deadline.
The arrangement represents a significant challenge for German automakers, which have long relied on sales of larger, more gas-guzzling vehicles for their earnings.
German authorities voted in favor of the agreement overnight after lengthy negotiations inside the three-party coalition, particularly between the pro-environment Greens and the pro-business Free Democrats.
According to the German government, the agreement will see that the Commission submits a proposal that would allow the sale of automobiles that exclusively utilize e-fuels after 2035.
According to Green Party member and environment minister Steffi Lemke, “This is a huge step forward and puts the transport sector on the path of climate neutrality. By stating that starting in 2035, only cars and light utility vehicles with zero CO2 emissions would be allowed for sale, we are clearly sending a signal that we need to reach the climate targets.” This provides the necessary planning security for the car industry.
The EU plans to promote electric cars and significantly reduce gas emissions from transportation by the year 2050. Still, a report from the EU’s external auditor revealed last year that the EU lacks the necessary charging infrastructure. In the EU, transportation is responsible for around 25% of all greenhouse gas emissions.
Along with the historic auto deal, the package also features a reform of the EU’s carbon market and the establishment of a social climate fund to assist vulnerable households in adjusting to the upcoming clean-energy revolution. Due to the rise in fuel prices brought on by Russia’s conflict in Ukraine, this issue has become more politically contentious.
The main objective is to encourage other big polluters, such as the United States and China, to follow suit, while putting the EU on pace to become climate neutral in 2050.